Coating Category Definitions

Below-Ground Wood Preservatives
Bond Breakers
Building Envelope Coatings
Clear Topcoat
Color Indicating Safety Coatings
Concrete-Curing Compounds
Concrete Surface Retarders
Decorative Coatings
Default
Driveway Sealers
Dry-Fog Coatings
Faux Finishing Coatings
Fire-Proofing Coatings
Flats
Floor Coatings
Form Release Compounds
Glazes
Graphic Arts (Sign) Coatings
High Temperature IM Coatings
Industrial Maintenance (IM) Coatings
Japans
Lacquers
Low Solids
Magnesite Cement Coatings
Mastic Coatings
Metallic Pigmented Coatings
Multi-Color Coatings
Nonflat Coatings
Non-Sacrificial Anti-Graffiti Coatings
Pre-Treatment Wash Primers
Primers
 
Quick-Dry Enamels
Quick-Dry Primers, Sealers, and Undercoaters
Reactive Penetrating Sealers
Recycled Coatings
Roof Coatings
Roof Coatings, Aluminum
Roof Primers, Bituminous
Rust Preventative Coatings
Sacrificial Anti-Graffiti Coatings
Sanding Sealers
Sealers
Shellac (Clear or Pigmented)
Specialty Primers
Stains
Stains, Interior
Stone Consolidants
Swimming Pool Coatings
Swimming Pool Repair Coatings
Tile and Stone Sealers
Traffic Coatings
Trowel Applied Coatings
Tub and Tile Refinishing Coatings
Undercoaters
Varnish
Waterproofing Sealers
Waterproofing Concrete/Masonry Sealers
Wood Coatings
Wood Conditioners
Wood Preservatives
Zinc-Rich IM Primers

 

BELOW-GROUND WOOD PRESERVATIVES are wood preservatives formulated to protect below-ground wood.
[Return to Top]

BOND BREAKERS are coatings formulated for or applied between layers of concrete to prevent the freshly poured top layer of concrete from bonding to the substrate over which it is poured.
[Return to Top]

BUILDING ENVELOPE COATINGS are fluid applied coatings applied to the building envelope to provide a continuous barrier to air or vapor leakage through the building envelope that separates conditioned from unconditioned spaces. Building Envelope Coatings are applied to diverse materials including, but not limited to, concrete masonry units (CMU), oriented stranded board (OSB), gypsum board, and wood substrates and must meet the following performance criteria:

(A) Air Barriers formulated to have an air permeance not exceeding 0.004 cubic feet per minute                        per square foot under a pressure differential of 1.57 pounds per square foot (0.004 cfm/ft2 @                   1.57 psf), [0.02 liters per square meter per second under a pressure differential of 75 Pa (0.02                     L/(s m2) @75 Pa)] when tested in accordance with ASTM E2178; and/or

(B) Water Resistive Barriers formulated to resist liquid water that has penetrated a cladding system              from further intruding into the exterior wall assembly and is classified as follows:
        (i) Passes water resistance testing according to ASTM E331, and
        (ii) Water vapor permeance is classified in accordance with ASTM E96/E96M.
[Return to Top]

COLOR INDICATING SAFETY COATINGS are industrial maintenance coatings for safety management of process streams to prevent or minimize the consequences of the release of toxic, reactive, flammable or explosive substances, and include chemical and thermal color indicating coatings.
[Return to Top]

CONCRETE-CURING COMPOUNDS are coatings formulated for or applied to freshly poured concrete to retard the evaporation of water. Concrete-curing compounds manufactured and used for roadways and bridges (does not include curbs and gutters, sidewalks, islands, driveways and other miscellaneous concrete areas) are those concrete-curing compounds that meet ASTM Designation C309, Class B, and meet a loss of water standard of less than 0.15-kg/m2 in 24 hours as determined by the California Transportation Department, California Test 534. 
[Return to Top]

CONCRETE SURFACE RETARDERS are coatings containing one or more ingredients such as extender pigments, primary pigments, resins, and solvents that interact chemically with the cement to prevent hardening on the surface where the retarder is applied, allowing the mix of cement and sand at the surface to be washed away to create an exposed aggregate finish.
[Return to Top]

DEFAULT are specialty coatings (those other than flat or nonflat coatings) that are not defined in section (b) as any other coating category.
[Return to Top]

DRIVEWAY SEALERS are coatings that are applied to worn asphalt driveway surfaces in order to:

(A) Fill cracks;

(B) 
Seal the surface to provide protection; or

(C) 
Restore or preserve the surface appearance.
[Return to Top]

DRY-FOG COATINGS are coatings which are formulated only for spray application so that when sprayed, overspray droplets dry before falling on floors and other surfaces.
[Return to Top]

FAUX FINISHING COATINGS are coatings that meet one or more of the following subcategories:are coatings that meet one or more of the following subcategories:

(A) CLEAR TOPCOATS are clear coatings used to enhance, seal and protect a Faux Finishing coating that                          meets the per requirements of DECORATIVE COATINGS, GLAZES, JAPANS, OR TROWEL APPLIED
         COATINGS.  These clear topcoats must be sold and used solely as part of a Faux Finishing or graphic arts
         coating system.

(B) DECORATIVE COATINGS are coatings used to create a gonioapparent appearance, such as metallic,
         iridescent, or pearlescent appearance, that contain at least 48 grams of pearlescent mica pigment or
         other iridescent pigment per liter of coating as applied (at least 0.4 pounds per gallon).

(C) GLAZES are coatings formulated and recommended to be used (or to be mixed with another coating) for:
        (i) Wet-in-wet techniques, where a wet coating is applied over another wet coating to create artistic effects,
                including simulated marble or wood grain, or
        (ii) Wet-in-dry techniques, where a wet coating is applied over a pre-painted or a specially prepared
                substrate or base coat and is either applied or is treated during the drying period with various tools,
                such as a brush, rag, comb, or sponge to create artistic effects such as dirt, old age, smoke damage,
                simulated marble and wood grain finishes, decorative patterns, or color blending.

(D) JAPANS are pure concentrated pigments, finely ground in a slow drying vehicle used by Motion Picture and
         Television Production Studios to create artistic effects including, but not limited to, dirt, old age, smoke
         damage, water damage, simulated marble, and wood grain.

(E) TROWEL APPLIED COATINGS are coatings exclusively applied by trowel that are used to create aesthetic
         effects including, but not limited to, polished plaster, clay, suede and dimensional, tactile textures.

[Return to Top]

FIRE-PROOFING COATINGS are opaque coatings formulated to protect the structural integrity of steel and other construction materials and listed by Underwriter's Laboratories, Inc. for the fire protection of steel. 
[Return to Top]

FLAT COATINGS are coatings that register a gloss of less than 15 on an 85-degree meter or less than 5 on a 60-degree meter according to ASTM Test Method D 523. 
[Return to Top]

FLOOR COATINGS are opaque coatings that are formulated for or applied to flooring including, but not limited to, flooring for garages, decks, and porches. Floor coatings also include clear coatings formulated for or applied to concrete flooring. Floor coatings do not include Industrial Maintenance Coatings. 
[Return to Top]

FORM RELEASE COMPOUNDS are coatings designed for or applied to a concrete form to prevent the freshly poured concrete from bonding to the form. The form may consist of metal, wood, or some material other than concrete. 
[Return to Top]

GRAPHIC ARTS COATINGS (Sign Paints) are coatings formulated for hand-application by artists using brush or roller techniques to indoor and outdoor signs (excluding structural components) and murals, including lettering enamels, poster colors, copy blockers, and bulletin enamels. 
[Return to Top]

HIGH-TEMPERATURE INDUSTRIAL MAINTENANCE COATINGS are industrial maintenance coatings formulated for or applied to substrates exposed continuously or intermittently to temperatures above 400 degrees Fahrenheit. 
[Return to Top]

INDUSTRIAL MAINTENANCE COATINGS are coatings, including primers, sealers, undercoaters, intermediate coatings and topcoats, formulated for or applied to substrates, including floors, that are exposed to one or more of the following extreme environmental conditions:

(A) Immersion in water, wastewater, or chemical solutions (aqueous and non-aqueous solutions), or
         chronic exposure of interior surfaces to moisture condensation;

(B) Acute or chronic exposure to corrosive, caustic or acidic agents, or similar chemicals, chemical
         fumes, chemical mixtures, or solutions;

(C) Repeated exposure to temperatures in excess of 250 degrees Fahrenheit;

(D) 
Repeated heavy abrasion, including mechanical wear and repeated scrubbing with industrial
        solvents, cleaners, or scouring agents; or

(E) 
Exterior exposure of metal structures. 
[
Return to Top]

LACQUERS are clear or pigmented wood topcoats or clear lacquer sanding sealers, both formulated with nitrocellulose or synthetic resins to dry by evaporation without chemical reaction. 
[Return to Top]

LOW SOLIDS are coatings containing one pound or less of solids per gallon of material.
[Return to Top]

MAGNESITE CEMENT COATINGS are coatings formulated for or applied to magnesite cement decking to protect the magnesite cement substrate from erosion by water. 
[Return to Top]

MASTIC COATINGS are coatings formulated to cover holes and minor cracks and to conceal surface irregularities, excluding roof coatings, and applied in a thickness of at least 10 mils (dry, single coat). 
[Return to Top]

METALLIC PIGMENTED COATINGS are decorative coatings, excluding industrial maintenance and roof coatings, containing at least 0.4 pounds per gallon (48 grams/liter) of coating, as applied, of elemental metallic pigment (excluding zinc). 
[Return to Top]

MULTI-COLOR COATINGS are coatings which exhibit more than one color when applied, are packaged in a single container and applied in a single coat. 
[Return to Top]

NONFLAT COATINGS are coatings that register a gloss of 5 or greater on a 60 degree meter and a gloss of 15 or greater on an 85 degree meter according to ASTM Test Method D 523. 
[Return to Top]

NON-SACRIFICIAL ANTI-GRAFFITI COATINGS are clear or opaque Industrial Maintenance Coatings formulated and recommended to deter adhesion of graffiti and to resist repeated scrubbing and exposure to harsh solvents, cleansers, or scouring agents used to remove graffiti. 
[Return to Top]

PRE-TREATMENT WASH PRIMERS are coatings which contain a minimum of 0.5 percent acid, by weight, applied directly to bare metal surfaces to provide necessary surface etching. 
[Return to Top]

PRIMERS are coatings applied to a surface to provide a firm bond between the substrate and subsequent coats. 
[Return to Top]

QUICK-DRY ENAMELS are non-flat, high gloss coatings which comply with the following:

(A) 
Shall be capable of being applied directly from the container by brush or roller under
         normal conditions, normal conditions being ambient temperatures between 60°F and 80°F; and

(B) 
When tested in accordance with ASTM D 1640 they shall: set-to touch in two hours or less,
         dry-hard in eight hours or less, and be tack-free in four hours or less by the mechanical test method.

*Effective July 1, 2011, coatings classified as quick-dry enamels are subsumed by the non-flat coating category.
[Return to Top]

QUICK-DRY PRIMERS, SEALERS, AND UNDERCOATERS are primers, sealers, and undercoaters which are intended to be applied to a surface to provide a firm bond between the substrate and subsequent coats and which are dry-to-touch in one-half hour and can be recoated in two hours when tested in accordance with ASTM D 1640. 

*Effective July 1, 2011, coatings classified as quick-dry primers, sealers, and undercoaters are subsumed  by the primer, sealer, undercoater category. 
[Return to Top]
 

REACTIVE PENETRATING SEALERS are clear or pigmented coatings labeled and formulated for application to above-ground concrete and masonry substrates to provide protection from water and waterborne contaminants, including, but not limited to, alkalis, acids, and salts. Reactive Penetrating Sealers must meet the following criteria:

(A) Used only for reinforced concrete bridge structures for transportation projects within 5 miles of
         the coast or above 4,000 feet elevation or for restoration and/or preservation projects on                              registered historical buildings that are under the purview of a restoration architect.

(B) 
Penetrate into concrete and masonry substrates and chemically react to form covalent bonds
          with naturally occurring minerals in the substrate.

(C) 
Line the pores of concrete and masonry substrates with a hydrophobic coating, but do not
         form a surface film.

(D) 
Improve water repellency at least 80 percent after application on a concrete or masonry
         substrate. This performance must be verified on standardized test specimens, in accordance
         with one or more of the following standards: ASTM C67, or ASTM C97/97M, or ASTM C140.

(E) 
Provide a breathable waterproof barrier for concrete or masonry surfaces that does not
         prevent or substantially retard water vapor transmission. This performance must be verified
         on standardized test specimens, in accordance with ASTM E96/E96M or ASTM D6490.

(F) Meet the performance criteria listed in the National Cooperative Highway Research Report
         244 (1981), surface chloride screening applications, for products labeled and formulated for
         vehicular traffic. 
[Return to Top]

RECYCLED COATINGS are coatings formulated such that 50 percent or more of the total weight consists of secondary and post-consumer coatings and 10 percent or more of the total weight consists of post-consumer coatings, and manufactured by a certified recycled paint manufacturer. 
[Return to Top]

ROOF COATINGS are coatings formulated for application to exterior roofs for the primary purpose of preventing penetration of the substrate by water, or reflecting heat and ultraviolet radiation. 
[Return to Top]

ROOF COATINGS, ALUMINUM are roof coatings containing at least 0.7 pounds per gallon (84 grams per liter) of coating as applied, of elemental aluminum pigment.
[Return to Top]

ROOF PRIMERS, BITUMINOUS are primers formulated for or applied to roofing that incorporate bituminous coating materials. 
[Return to Top]

RUST PREVENTATIVE COATINGS are coatings formulated for use in preventing the corrosion of metal surfaces in residential and commercial situations. 
[Return to Top]

SACRIFICIAL ANTI-GRAFFITI COATINGS are non-binding, clear coatings which are formulated and recommended for applicants that allow for the removal of graffiti primarily by power washing.
[Return to Top]

SANDING SEALERS are clear wood coatings formulated for or applied to bare wood for sanding and to seal the wood for subsequent application(s) of coatings.
[Return to Top]

SEALERS are coatings applied to either block materials from penetrating into or leaching out of a substrate, to prevent subsequent coatings from being absorbed by the substrate, or to prevent harm to subsequent coatings by materials in the substrate. 
[Return to Top]

SHELLACS are clear or pigmented coatings formulated solely with the resinous secretions of the lac insect (laccifer lacca). Shellacs are formulated to dry by evaporation without a chemical reaction providing a quick-drying, solid, protective film for priming and sealing stains and odors; and for wood finishing excluding floors. 
[Return to Top]

SPECIALTY PRIMERS are coatings formulated for or applied to a substrate to seal fire, smoke or water damage, or to condition excessively chalky surfaces. An excessively chalky surface is one that is defined as having chalk rating of four or less as determined by ASTM D-4214 – Photographic Reference Standard No. 1 or the Federation of Societies for Coatings Technology “Pictorial Standards for Coatings Defects”. 
[Return to Top]

STAINS are opaque or semi-transparent coatings which are formulated to change the color but not conceal the grain pattern or texture. 
[Return to Top]

STAINS, INTERIOR are stains labeled and formulated exclusively for use on interior surfaces.
[Return to Top]

STONE CONSOLIDANTS are coatings that are labeled and formulated for application to stone substrates to repair historical structures that have been damaged by weathering or other decay mechanisms. Stone Consolidants must meet all of the following criteria:

(A) Used only for restoration and/or preservation projects on registered historical buildings that
         are under the purview of a restoration architect.

(B) 
Penetrate into stone substrates to create bonds between particles and consolidate
         deteriorated material.

(C) 
Specified and used in accordance with ASTM E2167. 
[Return to Top]

SWIMMING POOL COATINGS are coatings specifically formulated for or applied to the interior of swimming pools and to resist swimming pool chemicals. 
[Return to Top]

SWIMMING POOL REPAIR COATINGS are chlorinated, rubber-based coatings used for the repair and maintenance of swimming pools over existing chlorinated, rubber-based coatings.
[Return to Top]

TILE AND STONE SEALERS are clear or pigmented sealers that are used for sealing tile, stone or grout to provide resistance against water, alkalis, acids, ultraviolet light or staining and which meet one of the following subcategories: (A) Penetrating sealers are polymer solutions that cross-link in the substrate and must meet the following criteria: (i) A fine particle structure to penetrate dense tile such as porcelain with absorption as low as 0.10 percent per ASTM C373, ASTM C97/C97M, or ASTM C642, (ii) Retain or increase static coefficient of friction per ANSI A137.1, (iii) Not create a topical surface film on the tile or stone, and (iv) Allow vapor transmission per ASTM E96/96M. (B) Film forming sealers which leave a protective film on the surface.
[Return to Top]

TRAFFIC COATINGS are coatings formulated for or applied to public streets, highways, and other surfaces including, but not limited to, curbs, berms, driveways, and parking lots. 
[Return to Top]

TUB AND TILE REFINISHING COATINGS are clear or opaque coatings that are used exclusively for refinishing the surface of a bathtub, shower, or sink and must meet all of the following criteria: (A) Have a scratch hardness of 3H or harder and a gouge hardness of 4H or harder as determined on bonderite 1000 in accordance with ASTM D3363, (B) Have a weight loss of 20 milligrams or less after 1000 cycles as determined with CS-17 wheels on bonderite 1000 in accordance with ASTM D4060, (C) Must withstand 1,000 hours or more of exposure with few or no #8 blisters as determined on unscribed bonderite in accordance with ASTM D4585, and ASTM D714, and (D) Must have an adhesion rating of 4B or better after 24 hours of recovery as determined on unscribed bonderite in accordance with ASTM D4585 and ASTM D3359. 
[Return to Top]

UNDERCOATERS are coatings formulated for or applied to substrates to provide a smooth surface for subsequent coats. 
[Return to Top]

VARNISHES are clear wood finishes formulated with various resins to dry by chemical reaction. 
[Return to Top]

WATERPROOFING SEALERS are coatings which are formulated for the primary purpose of preventing penetration of porous substrates by water. 
[Return to Top]

WATERPROOFING CONCRETE/MASONRY SEALERS are clear or pigmented sealers that are formulated for sealing concrete and masonry to provide resistance against water, alkalis, acids, ultraviolet light, or staining. 
[Return to Top]

WOOD COATINGS are film forming coatings used for application to wood substrates only, which are applied to substrates including floors, decks and porches. The Wood Coating category includes all lacquers, varnishes and sanding sealers, regardless of whether they are clear, semi-transparent or opaque. 
[Return to Top]

WOOD CONDITIONERS are coatings that are formulated for or applied to bare wood, prior to applying a stain, to provide uniform penetration of the stain. 
[Return to Top]

WOOD PRESERVATIVES are coatings formulated to protect wood from decay or insect attack by the addition of a wood preservative chemical registered by the California Environmental Protection Agency.
[Return to Top]

ZINC-RICH INDUSTRIAL MAINTENANCE PRIMERS are primers formulated to contain a minimum of 65 percent metallic zinc powder (zinc dust) by weight of total solids for application to metal substrates. 
[Return to Top]