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   Exide Technologies


Important Updates

OTHER INFORMATION 

Facility Summary

Health Risk Assessment and Risk Reduction Plan 

Recent Events NEW 

New Permits from SCAQMD

Rule Development

Ambient Monitoring Around Exide Facility

Source Testing Results

Meeting Events

FACILITY SUMMARY

Exide Technologies (ID 124838) is a secondary lead smelting facility which recovers lead from recycled automotive batteries.  It is located at 2700 S. Indiana Street in Vernon, has been in operation since 1922, and runs 3 shifts a day, every day.  They recycle 23,000 to 41,000 batteries daily.  Equipment used in the battery recycling process includes machines to break batteries apart and separate different materials, furnaces and kettles to melt metals, and miscellaneous equipment including storage tanks, conveying equipment, and engines.   Exide operates numerous pieces of control equipment to reduce pollution including baghouses, dust collectors, and filters for reducing dust and metals; and scrubbers, mist eliminators, and an afterburner, which remove pollution from gases.   

The facility is subject to many SCAQMD rules and permit conditions to ensure that they operate in compliance with air pollution requirements.  The facility is inspected frequently by SCAQMD inspectors and is required to monitor and report emissions from the facility.

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HEALTH RISK ASSESSMENT AND RISK REDUCTION PLAN

The facility was required to prepare a health risk assessment (HRA) per the requirements of Air Toxics “Hot Spots” Information and Assessment Act (or AB 2588). The SCAQMD approved Exide’s HRA on March 1, 2013 and the facility is subject to the public notification requirements of AB 2588 and the risk reduction requirements of SCAQMD Rule 1402. Links to documents related to the HRA are below.

Exide submitted a draft Risk Reduction Plan on August 28, 2013 to comply with SCAQMD Rule 1402, and staff reviewed.  Rule 1402(g)(1) provides up to three (3) months for the SCAQMD staff to review and approve (or reject) the draft Risk Reduction Plan.  Due to community interest, the SCAQMD staff has made the draft Risk Reduction Plan available and can be accessed through the link belowOn October 24, 2013, SCAQMD rejected Exide's submitted Risk Reduction Plan as being inadequate to ensure the required risk reductions.  Exide submitted an Amended Revised Risk Reduction Plan on January 17, 2014 and the SCAQMD responded in a letter dated February 12, 2014.

Exide submitted their Final Risk Reduction Plan on March 4, 2104 to address SCAQMD staff comments. The latest revised plan was reviewed and approved by SCAQMD staff on March 19, 2014.

Nine community meetings were held in late May and June. See Meeting Events/Community Meetings below for meeting details, copies of presentations, and other information.

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RECENT EVENTS

April 22, 2014 NEW
On April 22, 2014, two Notices of Violation were issued to Exide for violation of the SCAQMD Rule 1420.1 (d)(2) 30-day rolling average ambient lead concentration limit. The violations occurred at the "North East" ambient monitoring station on April 16th and April 17th.

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April 18, 2014 NEW
On April 18, 2014, a Notice of Violation was issued to Exide for violations of the SCAQMD Rule 1420.1 (d)(2) 30-day rolling average ambient lead concentration limit.  The violation occurred at the "North East" ambient monitoring station on April 15th. 

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April 17, 2014 NEW
On April 17, 2014, a Notice of Violation was issued to Exide for violation of the SCAQMD Rule 1420.1 (d)(2) 30-day rolling average ambient lead concentration limit. The violation occurred at the "North East" ambient monitoring station on April 14th.

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April 16, 2014 NEW
On April 16, 2014, three Notices of Violation were issued to Exide for violation of the SCAQMD Rule 1420.1 (d)(2) 30-day rolling average ambient lead concentration limit. The violations occurred at the "North East" ambient monitoring station on April 11th, April 12th, and April 13th.

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April 15, 2014 NEW
On April 14 and 15, 2014, Notices of Violation were issued to Exide for violation of the SCAQMD Rule 1420.1 (d)(2) 30-day rolling average ambient lead concentration limit. The violations occurred at the "North East" ambient monitoring station on April 9th and April 10th.

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April 12, 2014
Exide submitted a Maintenance Mitigation Plan (PDF, 1MB) to SCAQMD staff on April 10, 2014 that described the remaining and additional maintenance activities that would occur at the facility and measures that Exide would put in place to reduce emissions. On April 12, 2014, SCAQMD staff responded (PDF, 252k) to the Maintenance Mitigation Plan and also addressed a proposed requested change to their refining operations. SCAQMD staff informed Exide that the mitigation monitoring measures proposed were insufficient and that because there have been repeated, consecutive, exceedances of the ambient lead monitoring limit in Rule 1420.1 (d)(2), that any daily readings of lead above 0.15 ug/m3 that contribute to a violation of the 30-day rolling average ambient lead limit would be considered knowing, willful and intentional violations. Exide has decided to temporarily suspend maintenance activities at this time and will submit a revised mitigation plan.

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April 11, 2014
All scheduled hearing dates for the District’s Order for Abatement in Case No. 3151-29 (Violation of Permit Conditions; Rule 1407(d)(2)) have been vacated and continued to Saturday, May 17, 2014. The hearing will be held in the community at a location to be determined. The Hearing Board will hear arguments on Exide’s Motion to Dismiss.

Additionally, today, the District filed a Petition for an Order for Abatement Case No. 3151-32 based on Exide’s exceedance of ambient lead standard set forth in District Rule 1420.1(d)(2).

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April 10, 2014
On April 10, 2014, two additional Notices of Violation were issued to Exide for violation of the SCAQMD Rule 1420.1 (d)(2) 30-day rolling average ambient lead concentration limit. The violations occurred at the "North East" ambient monitoring station on April 7th and April 8th.

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April 9, 2014
On April 9, 2014, five additional Notices of Violation were issued to Exide for violations of the SCAQMD Rule 1420.1 (d)(2) 30-day rolling average ambient lead concentration limit. The violations occurred at the "North East" ambient monitoring station on April 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, and 6th. SCAQMD considers the violation occurring on April 2nd to be a knowing, willful and intentional violation of Rule 1420.1 (d)(2).

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April 4, 2014
On April 4, 2014, a Notice of Violation was issued to Exide for a knowing, willful and intentional violation of the SCAQMD Rule 1420.1 (d)(2) 30-day rolling average ambient lead concentration limit. The violation occurred at the "North East" ambient monitoring station on April 1, 2014.

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April 3, 2014
On April 3, 2014, a Notice of Violation was issued to Exide for a knowing, willful and intentional violation of the SCAQMD Rule 1420.1 (d)(2) 30-day rolling average ambient lead concentration limit. The violation occurred at the "North East" ambient monitoring station on March 31st 2014.

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April 2, 2014
On April 2, 2014, four additional Notices of Violation were issued to Exide for knowing, willful and intentional violations of the SCAQMD Rule 1420.1 (d)(2) 30-day rolling average ambient lead concentration limit. The violations occurred at the "North East" ambient monitoring station on March 27th, 28th, 29th, and 30th. Exide has informed SCAQMD that they will remain shut down for maintenance and repair activities until approximately April 20th. Staff will meet with Exide immediately to determine what additional mitigation measures Exide must put in place to resume repair and maintenance activities.

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April 1, 2014
On April 1, 2014, two additional Notices of Violation were issued to Exide for exceeding the SCAQMD Rule 1420.1 (d)(2) limit of 30-day rolling average ambient lead concentration at the "North East" ambient monitoring station on March 25th and 26th.  Exide notified SCAQMD on March 30th that they have stopped all of their repair and maintenance activities both inside and outside of their buildings and other work on replacing drain pipes.  Their operations have been shut down since March 14th for repairs and maintenance activities.  Air pollution control equipment venting the buildings where their equipment is located remains in operation.

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March 29, 2014
SCAQMD staff sent a letter to Exide (PDF, 178k) to put Exide on notice regarding recent multiple days violations of Rule 1420.1 for high ambient lead levels measured around Exide due to Exide's activities.

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March 28, 2014
Additional Notices of Violation have been issued to Exide. A total of 3 Notices of Violation have been issued - one for each day the 30-day rolling average ambient lead concentration at the "North East" monitor exceeded 0.15  micrograms per cubic meter (µg/m3) (March 22, 23, and 24). Curtailment procedures will be implemented, as required by Rule 1420.1.

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March 27, 2014
On March 27, 2014, Exide reported to the SCAQMD monitoring data showing exceedances of SCAQMD’s rule limits on outdoor levels of lead. The agency’s Rule 1420.1 prohibits Exide from causing the outdoor level of lead to exceed 0.15 micrograms per cubic meter µg/m3, based on a 30-day rolling average. In this instance, the “North East” monitor exceeded the 30-day average on Saturday, March 22nd and Sunday, March 23rd. Monitored lead levels on several individual days exceeded 0.15 ug/m3 by significant amounts. Exide is currently shut down to conduct a number of repairs, replacements and additions to their plant. These activities have likely caused the exceedances. SCAQMD staff is conducting investigations and activities at Exide to verify the cause of these exceedances. SCAQMD issued a Notice of Violation to Exide and implementing curtailment procedures for lead exceedances occurring on March 22nd and for failure to notify the SCAQMD within twenty-four (24) hours of when they received the laboratory analysis related to the exceedances.

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March 19, 2014
Exide’s revised Risk Reduction Plan (PDF, 8 MB) was submitted on March 4, 2014 and approved by SCAQMD staff (PDF, 447k) on March 19, 2014.

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March 18, 2014
Exide filed with the SCAQMD Hearing Board a Motion to Dismiss (PDF, 600k) the SCAQMD’s Petition requesting that the Hearing Board issue Exide an Order of Abatement. Exide claims that the SCAQMD has failed to prove that Exide is currently violating any SCAQMD rules or permit conditions associated with their Blast Furnace. The SCAQMD will be filing a brief in opposition to the Motion by April 2, 2014 and the Hearing Board will hold a hearing on Exide’s Motion and SCAQMD’s opposition to the Motion on April 15, 2014 at 9:00 a.m. at the Hearing Board office located at SCAQMD headquarter at 21865 Copley Dr., Diamond Bar, CA 91765. Any member of the public who wishes to submit written comments in response to Exide’s Motion to Dismiss, must have their comments submitted and received by the Hearing Board Clerk (emailed to clerkofboard@aqmd.gov or mailed to Clerk of the Board, SCAQMD, 21865 Copley Drive, Diamond Bar, CA 91765).

Eight (8) copies of the written comments must be provided.  Briefs or legal arguments must be received by no later than April 4, 2014.  Any other public comment may be received up to and at the hearing on April 15, 2014.

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March 14, 2014
Permits issued to Exide
SCAQMD staff revised Exide’s Title V permit to add additional air pollution control systems and modify the feed system for the Reverberatory Furnace to allow Exide to better control their emissions. Permits to Construct were issued for installation of secondary control devices including addition of High Efficiency Particulate Arrestor (HEPA) filtration systems to the exhaust of two of their existing baghouses (the Hard Lead and Soft Lead Baghouses); addition of two new portable HEPA canister vacuums for general housekeeping; and for replacement of the two existing ram feeders with feed screw conveyors for the Reverberatory Furnace.

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March 5, 2014
A
Notice of Violation was issued to Exide on March 5, 2014
A Notice of Violation was issued to Exide because they did not submit an Annual Permit Emissions Program report for compliance year 2013 by the March 1, 2014 deadline.

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March 4, 2014
Exide notified SCAQMD and others about major planned maintenance activities that will last approximately 3 weeks, beginning March 14, 2014. Work will be done on the reverb and blast furnaces, baghouses, and the battery breaker system, and will include shutting down various equipment and the associated air pollution control systems. Exide reports that this work is being done to ensure continued regulatory compliance and reliable operations. The work includes approximately 10 hours of plant-wide power outage during the day on March 27, 2014. (Also during the shutdown period, Exide intends to add the secondary control HEPA filtration systems to the Hard and Soft Lead Baghouses, add the two new HEPA canister vacuums and replace the two ram feeders with feed screw conveyors on the Reverbratory Furnace, for which SCAQMD issued Permits to Construct to Exide on March 14, 2014.)

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January 30, 2014
Two Notices of Violation were issued to Exide on January 30, 2014
The first Notice of Violation was issued because Exide did not continuously maintain and operate a total enclosure/containment when Exide temporarily opened and removed sections of the roof covering the Battery Breaking building on January 18, 20 and 26, 2014. The roofing sections were temporarily removed in order to access and perform maintenance on the battery breaker gear box. The temporary opening of the roof sections lasted approximately nine (9) hours on January 18th, approximately four (4) hours on January 29th, and approximately eight (8) hours on January 26th.

The second Notice of Violation was issued because Exide did not notify SCAQMD and the public within one (1) hour after the unplanned maintenance activity commenced resulting in the temporary opening of the roof sections, as required by Rule 1420.1. Maintaining and operating a total enclosure/containment of the battery breaking area building roof ensures that the battery breaking area operates under negative pressure as required by Rule 1420.1.

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January 9, 2014
On Friday, January 3, 2014, a monitor at the Exide Technologies facility in Vernon exceeded the ambient air lead concentration of 0.15 ug/m3 averaged over a 30-day period (Click here for full monitoring results). In this case, the “On-site North (OSN)” monitor exceeded the 30-day limit. As a result, the SCAQMD is issuing a Notice of Violation to Exide for violation of Rule 1420.1 paragraph (d)(2). It is important to note that this exceedance, like the previous exceedances on September 9th and 18th, 2013, did not cause a violation of the National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) for lead; the SCAQMD Rule 1420.1 has stricter requirements to ensure compliance with the NAAQS for lead. Based on the present level of exceedance, SCAQMD’s regulation requires Exide to curtail its production by 15 percent until it demonstrates that it has achieved an ambient air lead concentration below 0.15 ug/m3 averaged over a 30-day period. SCAQMD Rule 1420.1 also requires daily monitoring of lead for a 60-day period after the exceedance.

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December 4, 2013
A Notice of Violation was issued to Exide on December 4, 2013
A Notice of Violation was issued to Exide for not properly maintaining air movement and emission collection efficiency for an emission control system. Arsenic emissions were not being collected and directed to the proper control equipment, which was a violation of permit conditions and Rule 1407.

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November 19, 2013
Two Notices of Violation were issued to Exide on November 19, 2013.

  • One violation notice was issued because Exide did not notify SCAQMD and the public on November 12, 2013 within one hour, as required by SCAQMD Rule 1420.1, after the air pollution control devices venting the lead processing buildings (North and South Torit Baghouses), had an unplanned shutdown of about 15 minutes due to power failure. Staff determined that during this short period when the control devices were not operating, the monitored pressure inside the building stayed negative and did not create a positive pressure to cause release of emissions from the building into the outside air.

  • The second notice of violation was issued for incomplete air sampling (ambient monitoring) also due to power failure to the ambient monitors. Three of Exide’s perimeter lead ambient air monitors did not collect continuous 24-hour (midnight-to-midnight) air samples on January 19, 2013, which was a required sampling day based on a once every three day sampling schedule. Exide did operate all three samplers ranging from about 18 to 22 hours on January 19th and reported ambient values for those sample time periods, but did not meet the full 24-hour sampling requirements of Rule 1420.1.

October 18, 2013
SCAQMD Files Petition for Order for Abatement

The District filed for an Order for Abatement (PDF, 267k) from the Hearing Board that, if approved, will require Exide to shut down its lead smelting operations until such time as it upgrades its pollution control system. The Petition for Order for Abatement alleges that Exide is violating District Rule 1407(d)(5) and Title V permit conditions by failing to adequately capture and control gaseous emissions from its blast and reverbatory furnaces, including but not limited to arsenic.

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October 18, 2013
A Notice of Violation is being issued to Exide due to an exceedance of the single-stack emission limit for lead established in Rule 1420.1. The violation was based on source testing performed on the Hard Lead Baghouse by SCAQMD staff in August and September 2013.  The complete source test reports are provided below.

Another Notice of Violation is being issued for not curtailing production to levels required by SCAQMD due to exceedances of Rule 1420.1 ambient lead limits.

October 8, 2013
Two Notices of Violation were issued to Exide. Staff determined that emissions from the Blast Furnace were not being properly vented and collected through the furnace afterburner, Blast Furnace Baghouse and wet scrubber. Instead, some of those emissions were vented to another control device that was not designed to fully capture and control these emissions. A Notice of Violation was issued for violating Title V permit conditions requiring that all equipment (i.e., the Blast Furnace and associated air pollution control equipment) be maintained in a manner that ensures its proper operation and that Exide not use this equipment (the Blast Furnace) unless it is vented to air pollution control equipment which is in full use.

A second Notice of Violation was issued when SCAQMD staff observed contained lead-containing soil outside of an enclosed / controlled enclosure and exposed to ambient air. The soil was from excavation activities associated with DTSC’s ordered Stormwater Collection System Repair / Replacement project. A Notice of Violation was issued for violation of Rule 1420.1 housekeeping requirements for failure to store all materials capable of generating any amount of fugitive lead-dust in sealed in, leak-proof containers. Further, the Notice also included violation of Exide Technologies’ Rule 1420 Plan for their failure to use their mobile sweeper at least once per operating shift.

October 1, 2013
On Wednesday September 18, 2013, an additional monitor at the Exide Technologies facility in Vernon exceeded the ambient air lead concentration of 0.15 ug/m3 averaged over a 30-day period (Click here for full monitoring results).  In this case, the “New North (N)” monitor exceeded the 30-day limit, while the previous September 9, 2013 exceedance was at the “New Northeast (NE)” monitor.  As a result, the SCAQMD is issuing another Notice of Violation to Exide for violation of Rule 1420.1 paragraph (d)(2).  It is important to note that this exceedance, like the previous exceedance on September 9, 2013, did not cause a violation of the National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) for lead; the SCAQMD Rule 1420.1 has stricter requirements to ensure compliance with the NAAQS for lead.  Exide continues to curtail its production by 15 percent until it demonstrates that it has achieved an ambient air lead concentration below 0.15 ug/m3 averaged over a 30-day period.  SCAQMD Rule 1420.1 also requires daily monitoring of lead for a 60-day period after the exceedance. The SCAQMD staff has begun rulemaking to address high arsenic emissions and other toxic air contaminants at large lead-acid battery recycling facilities. To find out more information on this rule development, visit SCAQMD's Proposed Rules page.

September 17, 2013
On Monday September 9, 2013, a monitor at the Exide Technologies facility in Vernon exceeded the ambient air lead concentration of 0.15 ug/m3 averaged over a 30-day period (Click here for full monitoring results).  As a result, the SCAQMD is issuing a Notice of Violation to Exide for violation of Rule 1420.1 paragraph (d)(2).  It is important to note that this exceedance did not cause a violation of the National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) for lead; the SCAQMD Rule 1420.1 has stricter requirements to ensure compliance with the NAAQS for lead.  According to Exide’s approved Compliance Plan, this exceedance requires Exide to curtail its production by 15%.  In addition, SCAQMD Rule 1420.1 requires daily monitoring of lead for a 60 day period after the exceedance.  Exide is required to curtail its production until it demonstrates that has achieved an ambient air lead concentration below 0.15 ug/m3 averaged over a 30 day period.  Exide has curtailed its production as verified by SCAQMD staff.  The SCAQMD staff has begun rulemaking to address high arsenic emissions and other toxic air contaminants at large lead-acid battery recycling facilities. To find out more information on this rule development, visit SCAQMD's Proposed Rules page.

August 30, 2013
Exide notified SCAQMD of a breakdown involving the shutdown of the Blast Furnace due to a water leak.  An inspector was on-site at the time of the breakdown and conducted an immediate investigation.  Emissions from that  building are vented to baghouses, which were in operation during the breakdown.

August 25, 2013
Exide notified SCAQMD of a breakdown involving the shutdown of the Kiln baghouse blower motor for fifteen (15) minutes for replacement of the blower motor guard.  The Kiln is the dryer for the feed for the Reverberatory Furnace.  An inspector was dispatched to investigate the breakdown. Exide had ceased feeding materials to the Kiln dryer while the blower motor guard was replaced.  The Kiln baghouse blower motor was down for approximately twenty-five (25) minutes.

August 9, 2013
Exide notified SCAQMD of a breakdown involving the shutdown of the blower motor for the East MAC baghouse for one (1) to two (2) hours for repair.  The East MAC baghouse controls emissions from the Reverberatory Furnace feed storage room, the Raw Materials Processing System (RMPS) room and the refining kettle burner chambers.  An inspector was dispatched to investigate the breakdown and determined that the blower motor was down for repairs for approximately 1½ hours.  Emissions from these operations were collected by the South and North Torit baghouses that ventilate the storage room, RMPS room and kettle burner chambers. 

August 3, 2013
Exide notified SCAQMD that the facility had started the reheat process of the Blast Furnace which was previously shut down on July 23, 2013.  

August 1, 2013
Exide notified SCAQMD that the facility had started the reheat process of the Reverberatory Furnace which was previously shut down on July 23, 2013

July 29, 2013
Exide notified SCAQMD that a faulty solenoid in a blower motor resulted in the shutdown of a dust collector, which resumed operation in about 45 minutes.  This equipment collects air from the smelting building and provides negative pressure to the building.  No smelting or refining activities were occurring during this breakdown.  An inspector was dispatched to investigate.

July 23, 2013
Exide notified SCAQMD that two furnaces and associated refining pots were shut down because they were close to the permit requirement that limits carbon monoxide emissions in each 30-day period.  Limited operations resumed on August 1, 2013.  SCAQMD inspectors continue to monitor the facility frequently.

July 7, 2013
On Sunday at 7:33 am, Exide staff notified SCAQMD by phone that they were “taking the North MAC Baghouse down for repairs”. The North MAC Baghouse (also known as the West MAC Baghouse) and the associated East MAC Baghouse reduce emissions from the reverberatory furnace feed rooms, the interconnecting corridor between the reverberatory and blast furnace feed rooms, and refining kettle burner ventilation.

An SCAQMD inspector arrived on scene at 10:45 am to initiate an investigation. SCAQMD staff’s inspection of the interior of the West MAC Baghouse established that a majority of the bags were damaged due to excessive heat. The East MAC Baghouse was not in operation.  Exide temporarily shut down portions of their operation that vented to these baghouses but resumed operations of the East MAC baghouse on the morning of July 8th. SCAQMD permit conditions require that both of these baghouses be in operation when the equipment they serve is in use.  SCAQMD issued a Notice of Violation to Exide on July 9th for failing to comply with the requirements of this permit condition when they resumed operations with only the East MAC Baghouse in operation.  On July 9th, Exide shut down operations until the baghouse was repaired.  Once repaired and tested, operations resumed at Exide and they were in full operation by the morning of July 15th.

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NEW PERMITS FROM SCAQMD

On July 23rd, Exide received SCAQMD permits to improve two existing air pollution controls systems.  The improvements include addition of High Efficiency Particulate Arrestor (HEPA) filters on the baghouse currently venting the cupola furnace feed room and installation of pre-filters to the HEPA of the current air pollution control system venting the battery crushing area.

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RULE DEVELOPMENT

The SCAQMD has initiated rule development for Proposed Amended Rule 1420.1 – Emissions Standard for Lead from Large Lead-acid Battery Recycling Facilities. 

In order to allow staff to consider and evaluate recent source test information from one of the large lead acid battery recycling facilities, the SCAQMD Governing Board conducted the hearing to propose adoption of Amended Rule 1420.1 – Emission Standards for Lead and Other Toxic Air Contaminants from Large Lead-Acid Battery Facilities on January 10, 2014, originally scheduled for December 6, 2013. Proposed Amended Rule 1420.1 seeks to reduce arsenic emissions and other key toxic air contaminant emissions from large lead-acid battery recycling facilities. The proposed amended rule establishes requirements for hourly emission limits of arsenic, benzene, and 1,3-butadiene including additional monitoring and source testing requirements for point sources. Other requirements include an ambient air concentration standard for arsenic and curtailment provisions if the ambient air concentration standard or hourly point source emission limit for arsenic is exceeded. Evidence was taken at the hearing and all interested persons heard by the Governing Board, after which, the Governing Board approved the amendments to Proposed Amended Rule 1420.1. The SCAQMD released updated staff documents pertaining to the Proposed Amended Rule 1420.1 on December 6, 2013.

Several Working Group Meetings and a Public Workshop have been held to discuss proposed amendments to the rule. To find out more information on this rule development, visit SCAQMD's Proposed Rules page.

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AMBIENT MONITORING AROUND EXIDE FACILITY  

In the fall of 2007, SCAQMD began a focused investigation of lead emissions at Exide Technologies, a lead-acid battery recycling plant in Vernon, following a public complaint alleging particulate and dust fallout from the plant. SCAQMD placed several new particulate sample collection plates around the facility and, based on detection of lead in the collected samples, installed additional air monitors near the plant and collected ambient air data continuously from mid-November 2007. SCAQMD currently operates three lead monitors at different distances from Exide Technologies facility’s perimeter. In addition, Exide operates six “fence-line” lead monitors near the property line to satisfy the monitoring requirements of Rule 1420.1. Lead samples are generally collected on a 1-in-3 day schedule, although more frequent sampling is often conducted at sites where higher measured concentrations have been observed. Air samples collected by SCAQMD for lead analysis can also be analyzed for arsenic. SCAQMD has reanalyzed lead samples collected since the beginning of 2012.    

Average lead concentrations (reported as monthly averages) recorded at many of the monitors consistently exceeded both the Federal Standard for lead and the limit established by SCAQMD’s rule 1420.1 (0.15 μg/m3) until the end of 2011. However, the monitoring data show an overall decreasing trend in lead levels since the adoption of Rule 1420.1 in 2008. Lead concentrations measured at all monitoring sites have been below the Federal 0.15 μg/m3 3-month average limit since all requirements of Rule 1420.1 became fully effective in January 2012. For more information on the September 9th and September 18th violations of Rule 1420.1 ambient limits for lead, click here.

Arsenic concentrations recorded at all monitors since 2012 (reported as monthly averages) were consistently above the average arsenic level measured during the fourth Multiple Air Toxics Exposure Study (MATES IV), a study conducted by the SCAQMD to characterize the carcinogenic risk from exposure to air toxics. On April 24, 2013 the California Department of Toxic Substances Control (DTSC) ordered Exide Technologies to suspend operations. The temporary suspension of all activities coupled with recent emission reduction measures that have been implemented by Exide, have lowered the ambient arsenic concentrations near the facility close to background levels. 

The following links provide the full set of lead and arsenic data collected near the Exide facility.            

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SOURCE TESTING RESULTS

SCAQMD staff has conducted a series of source tests measuring the emissions of lead, arsenic, and other metals from Exide’s stacks. The reports from these tests are provided below. While the results show arsenic emissions levels lower than those used for the 2013 Health Risk Assessment, SCAQMD has no confidence that the emission levels presented in these reports can be maintained consistently during ongoing operations at Exide. This is due to the variable nature of the furnace operations and the insufficient capacity of the air pollution control equipment to maintain negative pressure in the Blast Furnace. Records have shown higher positive pressure spikes and more frequent average positive pressures during non-test periods, which most likely resulted in higher emissions than the measured emissions during these tests. Furthermore, the lead emissions measured from the hard lead baghouse exceeded SCAQMD Rule 1420.1 single-stack emission limits, and a Notice of Violation was issued on October 18, 2013. 

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MEETING EVENTS

SCAQMD Hearing Board to Consider Exide Order of Abatement – Saturday, December 14, 2013 9:00 AM at Cal State Los Angeles:

The Hearing Board of the SCAQMD will hold a hearing to consider the Order of Abatement as the result of emissions from Exide Technologies. This is a public hearing and the Hearing Board will receive testimony from members of the public. For more information on the SCAQMD’s Hearing Board please click here. For more information on the Order of Abatement please click here (PDF, 267k).

Public Hearing Flyer (PDF, 154k)
Folleto de Información de la Audiencia Pública (PDF, 143k)

Saturday,
December 14, 2013
California State University, LA
Golden Eagle Building, 3rd Floor
5151 State University Drive
Los Angeles, CA 90032
9:00 am

Community Meetings:

Presentation for Town Hall Meeting hosted by Senator Kevin De Leon  (PDF, 837k)

Tuesday,
October 8, 2013
Resurrection Church
3324 East Opal Street
Los Angeles, CA 90023
6:00 p.m.

SCAQMD-hosted Community Meetings:

Community Meeting Notice (PDF, 176k)

Thursday,
June 27, 2013
Esteban E. Torres High School
4211 Dozier Street
Los Angeles, CA 90063
6:00 p.m.

Additional Community Informational Meetings: (PDF, 216k)
Wednesday,
June 5, 2013
City of Vernon Council Chamber
4305 Santa Fe Avenue
Vernon, CA 90058
4:00 p.m.
Tuesday,
June 4, 2013
Resurrection Catholic Church
3324 East Opal Street
Los Angeles, CA 90023
6.00 p.m.

SCAQMD Public Meetings:

AB2588 Public Notice for Exide (PDF, 2MB)

Saturday,
June 1, 2013
Doubletree Hotel
Grand Tree Ballroom
5757 Telegraph Road
Commerce, CA 90040
8:30 a.m.
11:00 a.m.
2:00 p.m.
Thursday,
May 30, 2013
Huntington Park Community Center
6925 Salt Lake Avenue
Huntington Park, CA 90255
10:00 a.m.
2:00 p.m.
6.00 p.m.

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For more information regarding the DTSC activities involving Exide,  please see here.


Back to AB2588 Main Page
 


This page updated: April 22, 2014
URL: http://www.aqmd.gov/prdas/AB2588/Exide/Exide.html