Architectural Coatings

Working Group for VOC Test Methods


South Coast AQMD is working with members of industry, academia, and other regulatory agencies to address issues with laboratory VOC test methods.  Most regulations rely upon a gravimetric analysis using either EPA Reference Method 24Link to external website. or South Coast AQMD Laboratory Method 304 (PDF).  There are inherent uncertainties to these tests when the VOC content of the material being tested approaches zero. South Coast AQMD and most industry laboratories have switched to direct Gas Chromatography (GC) method, either ASTM D 6886Link to external website. or South Coast AQMD Laboratory Method 313 (PDF)(M313). GC methods can precisely and accurately measure the volatile components of many different materials, but this change brings fundamental questions about how to define and regulate VOCs.  This working group was formed to help update M313 and address the question of how to define a VOC.


South Coast AQMD Method 313 & Exclusion Pathway

South Coast AQMD Draft M313 (PDF, 310kb) - released 11/16/16

South Coast AQMD Draft M319 (PDF, 350kb) - released 02/21/2020

Draft Flowchart For Exclusion Pathway (PDF, 117kb) - released 06/17/15

Draft Guidance - Preliminary Exclusion Pathway for Early Eluting non-Volatile (EENV) Compounds (PDF, 435kb) - released 04/30/14    

During the June 17, 2015 PAR1113 Working Group Meeting the VOC Test Method 313 and the Exclusion Pathway for Early Eluding Semi-Volatile Compounds were discussed.  South Coast AQMD staff presented a technique to compare the volatility of the compounds of interest to Methyl Palmitate.  The technique uses measured vapor pressures, or where measured vapor pressures are not available, modeled vapor pressures based on the U.S. EPA EPI Suite.  The following document contains the list of compounds evaluated.  Uncertainties in modeled values, shown with error bars, must be considered when comparing modeled vapor pressures to the vapor pressure of Methyl Palmitate.  

Measured & Modeled Vapor Pressure Charts (PDF, 323kb)

In addition, staff discussed the concept of VOCs, intermediate VOCs (iVOCs), and semi-volatile VOCs (sVOCs) and their contribution to ozone and secondary organic aerosol formation.  The following published papers contain further discussions on those concepts. 

A Global Perspective on Aerosol from low-Volatility Organic CompoundsLink to external website. (PDF, 1.3MB) - released 05/12/2010, open source: full-text version available online

Rethinking Organic Aerosols: Semi-Volatile Emissions and Photochemical AgingLink to external website. (PDF, 374kb) - released 03/02/2007, sign up for a free account to request the full-text version

Intermediate-Volatility Organic Compounds: A Large Source of Secondary Organic AerosolLink to external website. (PDF, 1.6MB) - released 12/02/2014, copyright 2014 ACS, $35 for 48 hours of access  

Working Group Meetings, Presentations & Supporting Documents

 November 16, 2016

Cal and Processing Template V 1.5 (XLSM, 405kb)


Chemstation Enviroquant Installation (PDF, 340kb)


Example Tune Evaluation (PDF, 97kb)


Measured Sample Values (PDF, 13kb)



 November 4, 2016

Phase Two Guide (PDF, 282kb)


Mass Spectrometer Tuning Guide (PDF, 4.36MB)


Calibration & Processing Guide (PDF, 1.62MB)


Example Calibration Set (PDF, 123kb)



 August 12, 2016

Discrete GC-MS Parameters< (PDF, 219kb)


Discrete GC-FID Parameters (PDF, 282kb)



 July 27, 2016

Updated Prep + Discrimination Template (XLS, 80kb)



 July 7, 2016

July 7th Meeting Notes (PDF, 228kb)


July 7th Lab Tour Presentations (PDF, 6.71MB)



June 2, 2016

June 2nd Meeting Notes (PDF, 328kb)



May 25, 2016

May 25th Meeting Notes (PDF, 261kb)


May 25th, 2016 VOC Working Group Agenda (PDF, 227kb)

Pilot Test Guide - Phase One (PDF, 330kb)

M313 Instrument Configuration Guide (PDF, 438kb)


Instrument Optimization Mix (IOM) - Prep Guide  (PDF, 530kb)

Prep + Discrimination Template (XLS, 79kb)

IOM Preparation Example (PDF, 97kb)

IOM Discrimination Example (PDF, 160kb)

IOM LOD Example (PDF, 88kb)

ACA Pilot Test Comments (PDF, 193kb)

Dane Jones Pilot Test Comments (PDF, 10kb)

August 26, 2015

Method 313 Validation (PDF, 230kb)

Exclusion Method Matrix (PDF, 229kb)

Method 313/ASTM D 6886 Comparison (PDF, 235kb)

June 17, 2015

VOC Modeling Presentation (PDF, 3.6MB)

Test Method Presentation - Neat Study (PDF, 773kb)

Test Method Presentation - Film Spike (PDF, 516kb)

March 25, 2015

VOC Working Group Presentation (PDF, 393kb)

February 19, 2015

VOC Working Group Presentation (PDF, 350kb)

October 30, 2014

Cal Poly SLO Presentation (PDF, 1.4MB)

Taminco Presentation (PDF, 1.7MB)

ACA Comments (PDF, 29kb)

June 5, 2014

Cal Poly SLO Presentation (PDF, 926kb)

ACA Comments EENV (PDF, 1.1MB)

February 27, 2014

South Coast AQMD Presentation (PDF, 144kb)

Taminco Presentation (PDF, 492kb)

Film Extraction by Cal Poly San Louis Obispo (PDF, 728kb)

October 30, 2013

South Coast AQMD Presentation (PDF, 675kb)

Taminco Presentation (PDF, 804kb)

Film Extraction by Cal Poly San Louis Obispo (PDF, 48kb)

September 5, 2013

Presentation (PDF, 506kb)


Working Group Meetings During the 2013 Rule 1113 Amendment

June 20, 2013 - Public Workshop

VOC Test Methodology Presentation (PDF, 567kb)

Working Group Meetings During the 2011 Rule 1113 Amendment

January 20, 2010 - Public Workshop

VOC Test Methodology Presentation (PDF, 900kb)

November 18, 2010 - Working Group Meeting

VOC Testing Methodology Presentation (PDF, 400kb)

September 16, 2010- Working Group Meeting

VOC Testing Methodology Presentation (PDF, 3.8MB)

Archival Documents 

Draft South Coast AQMD Method 313 (PDF, 276kb) - released 08/14/13

Draft South Coast AQMD Method 313 (PDF, 970kb) - released 05/23/16

Draft Flowchart for Exclusion Pathway (PDF, 117kb) - released 03/25/15

Other VOC Test Methods

During the development of South Coast AQMD Rule 1144 (PDF)- Metalworking Fluids and Direct-Contact Lubricants, a laboratory subcommittee was convened to address the issue of determining the VOC content of semi-volatile fluids.  The result of the partnership between the South Coast AQMD and industry resulted in the development of ASTM E 1868Link to external website..  The South Coast AQMD also developed these further requirements (PDF) to accompany the ASTM method to further enhance the quality assurance/quality control.

    All South Coast AQMD laboratory methods can be found HERE.

    More Information

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    Brad Parrack Laboratory Services

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