Air Quality Sensor Performance Evaluation Center
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ASTM Test Standards

ASTM International Test Standards Development

ASTM Test Method

Background

Real-time indoor air quality sensors can provide feedback data to improve indoor air quality through ventilation, filtration, or other air quality control treatments. The systematic evaluation of the effectiveness of these sensors to accurately assess indoor air pollutant concentrations is limited. In order to provide better sensor information for users to make informed environmental control decisions, Standard Test Methods for CO2/PM2.5­ Sensor Units Intended for Indoor Air Application were developed in coordination with ASTM InternationalLink to external website. to establish comprehensive protocols to evaluate commercially available indoor air quality sensors. These methods are one of the most comprehensive, exacting, and rigorous evaluation protocols ever developed for PM2.5­ and CO2 indoor air quality sensors. These protocols are designed to test indoor air quality sensors for their ability to measure a wide range of pollutant concentrations, recover from loss of power, and perform under various climate conditions and in the presence of interferents, using South Coast AQMD’s Air Quality Sensor Performance Evaluation Center (AQ-SPEC) environmental test chambers and reference instrumentation.

Standard Test Methods for PM2.5­ Sensors or Sensor Units Intended for Indoor Air Application

The PM2.5 standard test method was first drafted in early 2018 and validated in 2019 using the AQ-SPEC environmental test chamber #1 (SenTec-1). Following its initiation into the ASTM International balloting process in early 2020, and then several rounds of subcommittee commenting and revision, the PM2.5 standard test method was approved by ASTM International on September 1, 2021 and was designated as ASTM D8405-21 Standard Test Method for PM2.5­ Sensors or Sensor Units Used in Indoor Air ApplicationsLink to external website.. Simultaneously, AQ-SPEC staff is drafting a manuscript for submission to a peer-reviewed journal describing the development of this new test method.

Additionally, the Home Ventilating Institute (HVI)Link to external website. plans to provide certifications based on this ASTM PM2.5­ test method.

Presentation of the ASTM D8405-2021 PM2.5­ Test Method at the 39th AAAR Annual Conference, 2021

39th AAAR Annual Conference - ASTM PM2.5 Test Method Presentation

Standard Test Methods for CO2 Sensors or Sensor Units Intended for Indoor Air Application

The CO2 standard test method was first drafted in early 2018 and validated in early 2020 using the AQ-SPEC environmental test chamber. The CO2 test method has been through a few rounds of subcommittee commenting and is in preparation for the balloting process in November 2021. AQ-SPEC staff is also drafting a manuscript for submission to a peer-reviewed journal describing the development of this new test method.


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