Paramount - Ongoing Air Monitoring Activities

Background

In 2013, the South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) received a series of metallic odor complaints from local community members in the Paramount neighborhood. In response to these complaints, the SCAQMD staff began conducting an investigation into local sources of emissions, including initiating a local air sampling study. The purpose of these activities was to determine the source of emissions and potential air pollution control strategies. Ambient monitoring of toxic metal emissions began in 2013 and has continued at two sites on Vermont Avenue and California Avenue. Based on the monitoring results, there were two metals of concern: nickel and hexavalent chromium.

In 2014 and 2015, SCAQMD worked with Carlton Forge Works to reduce metal particulate emissions from their grinding operation. Carlton Forge Works implemented a number of voluntary measures that substantially reduced nickel levels. Since these measures did not reduce hexavalent chromium levels, the SCAQMD needed additional data to understand the source of these emissions. In October 2016, as part of its ongoing investigation to identify and address sources of hexavalent chromium that may be impacting the nearby communities, SCAQMD staff deployed several monitors in the mostly industrial areas of the City of Paramount. Initial results showed elevated levels of hexavalent chromium upwind of Carlton Forge Works. The results of monitoring efforts, Town Hall Meetings, air monitoring and public health reports, and other related information is provided below.

Please contact us at 1-800-CUT-SMOG or file a complaint online, if you have information that can assist us in the investigation of sources of hexavalent chromium in the area. If desired, the information can be provided anonymously. Please click on any link below for additional information on the following SCAQMD efforts:


Recent & Upcoming Activities

Hearing Board

On Wednesday, Aug. 23, 2017, the SCAQMD's independent Hearing Board approved issuance of a stipulated Order for Abatement requiring Lubeco Inc., a metal-finishing facility in north Long Beach, to reduce its emissions of hexavalent chromium (hex chrome).  The Hearing Board’s order includes short and long-term measures designed to reduce Lubeco’s emissions of hex chrome.  In addition, Lubeco will be required to curtail its operation of uncontrolled equipment emitting hex chrome when concentrations of hex chrome exceed 1 ng/m³, based on a three sample average.  In the long term, Lubeco will be submitting a plan that is expected to result in the addition of new air pollution control equipment at the facility.

Temporary Equipment Shut Down
On June 27, 2017, the SCAQMD ordered Anaplex Corp. – a metal-finishing facility in Paramount – to temporarily shut down all equipment with the potential to emit hexavalent chromium. Air monitoring found levels of the compound above a trigger threshold of 1.0 nanograms per cubic meter. 
More Information (PDF)

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Informational Conference Calls

 
Next call: Tues., Sept. 26, 2017

Informational conference calls on the air quality investigation in Paramount will be held on the fourth Tuesday of the month at 6:30 p.m.  More information in English and Spanish. (PDF)
 
Individuals can call in via a toll-free phone number to listen in English or Spanish to the informational update, and can submit questions via e-mail as the conference call is being conducted. Questions can be submitted via email to publicadvisor@aqmd.gov and will be answered in the order that they are received.

English:

Toll Free Call-In #: 866-244-8528
Listen Only Passcode: 4063768

Spanish:

Toll Free Call-In #: 888-394-8197
Listen Only Passcode: 9891238 

If you have any questions regarding the informational conference calls or other issues, please contact the Public Advisor at 909-396-2432 or by email at publicadvisor@aqmd.gov.

* The conference call will end after the completion of the update and after all questions are answered.

Below are .mp3 recordings of past weekly informational conference calls:


Air Monitoring Results in Paramount

The following links are air monitoring results for the city of Paramount. “Air Monitoring Results for Expanded Monitoring Data” includes results for hexavalent chromium at monitoring sites in locations in the city of Paramount. A map showing the location of each of the monitoring sites is also provided below. “Air Monitoring Results for Schools” provides result for hexavalent chromium at various schools in Paramount.  Monitoring results for Site 2 and Site 3 include results for multiple metal air toxics.

Air Monitoring Locations in the City of Paramount
Paramount MAP 07-11-2017

Air Monitoring Results for Expanded Monitoring Data
Hexavalent chromium air monitoring results and a map identifying the monitoring sites in the city of Paramount for the expanded air monitoring effort for hexavalent chromium that began on October 15, 2016.
Expanded Monitoring Data and Map (PDF)
Wind Roses - Oct. 15, 2016 to present (PDF)    (What is a Wind RoseLink to external website.?)

Air Monitoring Results for Schools
SCAQMD is working with the California Air Resources Board to conduct air monitoring at schools in the city of Paramount.  Results for hexavalent chromium air monitoring results and map identifying the schools in the city of Paramount is provided in the link below.
Air Monitoring Results for Schools (PDF)

Air Monitoring Results for Site #2
Multi-metals air monitoring results for Site #2 on Vermont Avenue that began in 2013.
Site 2 Ambient Concentration Data - August, 2013 - March 2017 (PDF)

Air Monitoring Results for Site #3
Multi-metals air monitoring results for Site #3 on California Avenue that began in 2013.
Site 3 Ambient Concentration Data - November 2013 - March 2017 (PDF)

Air Monitoring Results for Sites #8, 15, 19, 23, and 24
Multi-metals air monitoring results for Sites #8, 15, 19, 23, and 24.
Sites 8, 15, 19, 23, and 24 Ambient Concentration Data - December 2016 - April 2017 (PDF)

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Reports and Assessments of Air Monitoring Data

Updated Assessment of Hexavalent Chromium Data at Paramount Schools
This report provides an updated assessment of the air sampling results at the Paramount schools. As additional data from school-based sampling become available, this report will be updated to include those results.

Calculation Methodology for Evaluating Sampling Results for Curtailment Threshold for Orders for Abatement  - March 2, 2017
The calculation methodology at the link below describes the approach used to determine each facility’s contribution to a local monitor’s level of hexavalent chromium. Under the Stipulated Orders for Abatement for Anaplex and Aerocraft, curtailment of any chrome emitting operation is required if hexavalent chromium levels are more than 1.0 ng/m3 of hexavalent chromium to any monitor, averaged over three samples. This calculation methodology takes into account each facility’s contribution, typical levels of hexavalent chromium found regionally, and contributions from local sources. This approach may be modified in the future as more information becomes available. 
SCAQMD 3-Sample Averaging Approach 02-17-17 - March 02, 2017 (PDF)

Assessment of Initial Data from Expanded Monitoring - November 4, 2016
This Assessment provides additional background information on the SCAQMD's expanded monitoring efforts in Paramount beginning October 2016. The report includes initial sampling results from October 15 to November 2, 2016.
Assessment of Initial Data from Expanded Monitoring of Hexavalent Chromium in Paramount - November 4, 2016 (PDF)

Report on Updated Air Monitoring in Paramount Community and Preliminary Assessment of Health Impacts - August 10, 2016
Provides a summary of air sampling results and preliminary estimates of health risks based on long-term monitoring data in the community at Sites #2 and #3. Also provides a summary of SCAQMD rule development activities to address emissions from grinding operations at metal forging facilities.
Report on Updated Air Monitoring and Preliminary Assessment of Health Impacts - August 10, 2016 (PDF)

Air Monitoring at Carlton Forge Works - December 2014
Provides a summary of air sampling, material sampling, and SCAQMD actions and Carlton Forge Works voluntary actions. Includes air sampling results from August 2013 to December 2014.
Air Monitoring at Carlton Forge Works - December 2014 (PDF)

Air Monitoring at Carlton Forge Works - January 2014
Provides a summary of air sampling, material sampling, and SCAQMD actions and Carlton Forge Works voluntary actions. Includes air sampling results from August 2013 to December 2013.
Air Monitoring at Carlton Forge Works - January 23, 2014 (PDF)

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Town Hall Meetings


The South Coast Air Quality Management District is holding a series of public meetings per the request of community members to provide frequent updates on the on-going air quality investigation in the city of Paramount. 
 
For information about past town halls, please click here.

For more information, please contact:
SCAQMD Public Advisor
at 909-396-2432 or by email at publicadvisor@aqmd.gov

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Hearing Board Proceedings


Recent Activity

Prior Proceedings
On November 29, 2016, SCAQMD filed a petition for an administrative order, known as an Order for Abatement, against Anaplex Corp. and Aerocraft Heat Treating Co., Inc. both located in Paramount. The petition was filed with the independent
SCAQMD Hearing Board.

Case No. 6066-1. Petition for Order for Abatement - November 29, 2016 (PDF, 2Mb)
SCAQMD v. Aerocraft Heat Treating Co., Inc. [Facility ID No. 23752]; Anaplex Corporation [Facility ID No. 16951]; and DOES 1-100.

On December 14, 2016, the Hearing Board held proceedings related to an Order for Abatement petition filed by SCAQMD to require Anaplex Corp. and Aerocraft Heat Treating Co. Inc., to take actions to reduce their emissions of hexavalent chromium. On December 16, a Stipulated Order for Abatement was agreed upon by the Hearing Board, SCAQMD and Aerocraft Heat Treating Co. Inc., and is provided below. The Hearing Board convened on January 5, 10 and 11, 2017 for the case related to Anaplex Corporation.  On January 11, 2017, the Hearing Board approved a Stipulated Order for Abatement for Anaplex Corp. to immediately control its emissions of hexavalent chromium.    
 
Amendment to the Findings and Decision Relative to Aerocraft Heat Treating, Co., Inc. – January 20, 2017 (PDF)
Stipulated Order for Abatement Aerocraft Heat Treating Co. Inc. - December 21, 2016 (PDF)
Stipulated Order for Abatement Anaplex Corp. - January 10, 2017 (PDF, 2Mb)

On March 9, 2017, the Hearing Board heard Respondent, Aerocraft Heat Treating Co., Inc.'s, appeal as to the District’s Implementation of the Stipulated Order for Abatement issued on December 16, 2016.  Aerocraft Heat Treating Co., Inc. was seeking to invalidate certain monitoring data that caused it to be placed in curtailment.  The Hearing Board dismissed Aerocraft's appeal. 

Aerocraft Heat Treating Co., Inc.'s Appeal on Stipulated Order for Abatement - February 17, 2017 (PDF)

The Hearing Board held public hearings to consider potential modifications to the Stipulated Orders for Abatement for Aerocraft Heat Treating Co. and Anaplex Corp.  The hearing for Aerocraft was held on Thursday, March 16, 2017 (webcast), and the hearing for Anaplex was on Wednesday, March 22, 2017 (webcast).

A video about the SCAQMD's Hearing Board and Fact Sheet related to the SCAQMD's Order for Abatement for Aerocraft Heat Treating Co. Inc.; Anaplex Corporation; and possible other companies, click on the links below.

(English)   https://youtu.be/LQ6tL8t2TUM
(Spanish)  https://youtu.be/3YBSYu0ZNxI

Fact Sheet Related to Facilities in Paramount in English  - December 7, 2016 (PDF)
Fact Sheet Related to Facilities in Paramount in Spanish - December 7, 2016 (PDF)

Status Update on Aerocraft and Anaplex – December 28, 2016  (PDF)
 
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Compliance, Sampling Reports, and Other Efforts

The following are documents related to compliance activities in the city of Paramount related to the ongoing monitoring efforts, and investigation of sources of hexavalent chromium.


NOTICE OF VIOLATION #

ISSUE
DATE

VIOLATION
DATE

FACILITY
NAME

 DESCRIPTION OF VIOLATION

NOV #P65055
(PDF) 
 9/13/2017  9/11/2017 CARLTON FORGE WORKS  Discharging such quantities of air contaminants which caused nuisance to a considerable number of persons or to the public.
 NOV #P65212
(PDF)
 9/12/2017 9/12/2017   CARLTON FORGE WORKS Discharging such quantities of air contaminants which caused nuisance to a considerable number of persons or to the public.
 NOV#P161518  8/17/2016 10/4/2016  PARAMOUNT PETROLEUM CORP 1) Inspection found vapor leak greater than 50,000 ppm VOC. 2) Inspection found vapor leak greater than 500 ppm VOC. 3) Emissions greater than 500 ppm VOC found from wastewater system.
 NOV #P61519  10/4/2016 8/26/2016  PARAMOUNT PETROLEUM CORP 1) Emissions greater than 500 ppm VOC found from wastewater system. 2) Inspection found vapor leak greater than 50,000 ppm VOC. 3) Open ended line found in light service.
NOV #P61520  10/21/2016  10/4/2016 PARAMOUNT PETROLEUM CORP Inspection found vapor leak greater than 50,000 ppm VOC.

NOV #P63712 
(PDF)

11/5/2016

11/3/2016

PRO CAST INDUSTRIES

Operating crucible without a permit to operate.

NOV #P64519
(PDF)
 11/29/2016  7/2/2013  ANAPLEX CORP Discharging from Anaplex Corp air contaminants, specifically hexavalent chromium, a known human carcinogen, which endanger the health of the public. Operating sparging and pickling tanks contrary to permit conditions. Installing or altering equipment which emits air contaminants without prior written authorization from SCAQMD.  Air sparging a chromic acid anodizing tank when electroplating is not occurring. 

NOV #P64520 
(PDF)

12/1/2016

10/27/2016

AEROCRAFT HEAT TREATING CO INC

Discharging from Aerocraft Heat Treating Co Inc air contaminants, specifically hexavalent chromium, a known human carcinogen, which endanger the health of the public.

NOV #P52998 
(PDF)

12/9/2016

12/8/2016

CARLTON FORGE WORKS

Discharging such quantities of air contaminants which caused nuisance to a considerable number of persons or to the public.

NOV #P64521 
(PDF)

12/9/2016

12/7/2016

ANAPLEX CORP

Failure to comply with permit conditions.  Failure to maintain daily operating records on site (click here for additional detail).

NOV #P63713 
(PDF)

12/12/2016

11/3/2016

PRO CAST INDUSTRIES

Operating a wax burnout kiln without a permit to operate. Failure to demonstrate compliance with the applicable emission limit in Table 1 of Rule 1147 by the compliance date.

NOV #P63714 
(PDF)

12/12/2016

11/21/2016

GOLDEN STATE ENG., INC.

Operating equipment without a valid permit to operate.

NOV #P63160
(PDF)

1/6/2017

11/3/2014

AEROCRAFT HEAT TREATING CO INC

1) Operating A Cooling Tower With Circulation Water Exceeding 0.15 mg/L Hexavalent Chromium And Not Testing Every Six Months; 2) Operating A Cooling Tower Used For Evaporative Cooling Of Process Water Containing Chromium Without A SCAQMD Permit.

NOV #P52999
(PDF)

1/20/2017

1/13/2017

CARLTON FORGE WORKS

Discharging such quantities of air contaminants which caused nuisance to a considerable number of persons or to the public.

 NOV #P63510  1/27/2017  5/5/2015  S.T. & I., INC. Failure to prevent pH value of chemical scrubber from falling below 10.

NOV #P65202
(PDF)

1/27/2017

1/24/2017

CARLTON FORGE WORKS

Discharging such quantities of air contaminants which caused nuisance to a considerable number of persons or to the public.

NOV #P65203
(PDF,)

1/27/2017

1/26/2017

CARLTON FORGE WORKS

Discharging such quantities of air contaminants which caused nuisance to a considerable number of persons or to the public.

NOV #P65204
(PDF)

2/3/2017

2/2/2017

CARLTON FORGE WORKS

Discharging such quantities of air contaminants which caused nuisance to a considerable number of persons or to the public.

NOV #P63758 
(PDF)
 2/9/2017  2/9/2017  CARLTON FORGE WORKS Discharging such quantities of air contaminants which caused nuisance to a considerable number of persons or to the public.
 NOV #P63759
(PDF)
2/10/2017   2/7/2017 CARLTON FORGE WORKS   Discharging such quantities of air contaminants which caused nuisance to a considerable number of persons or to the public.
NOV #P65205 
(PDF)
2/16/17 2/17/17 CARLTON FORGE WORKS   Discharging such quantities of air contaminants which caused nuisance to a considerable number of persons or to the public.
NOV #P60278 
(PDF)
2/23/17 3/3/17  CARLTON FORGE WORKS  Discharging such quantities of air contaminants which caused nuisance to a considerable number of persons or to the public.
NOV #P60279 
(PDF)
2/24/17 3/3/17 CARLTON FORGE WORKS Discharging such quantities of air contaminants which caused nuisance to a considerable number of persons or to the public.
NOV #P65206 
(PDF)
3/24/17 3/24/17  CARLTON FORGE WORKS Discharging such quantities of air contaminants which caused nuisance to a considerable number of persons or to the public.
 NOV #P63760 (PDF) 4/4/17 4/5/17  CARLTON FORGE WORKS Discharging such quantities of air contaminants which caused nuisance to a considerable number of persons or to the public.
NOV #P65207 
(PDF) 
4/6/17 4/7/17  CARLTON FORGE WORKS Discharging such quantities of air contaminants which caused nuisance to a considerable number of persons or to the public.
NOV #P65208
(PDF)
4/7/17 4/7/17  CARLTON FORGE WORKS Discharging such quantities of air contaminants which caused nuisance to a considerable number of persons or to the public.
NOV #P64522 (PDF)   4/28/17 2/2/17  ANAPLEX CORP  Failure to submit on or before February 1 the 2016 Ongoing Compliance Status & Emissions Report
NOV #P61738
(PDF)
 5/5/17  3/30/17 CARLTON FORGE WORKS  Failed to monitor all natural gas fuel lines to 39 process unit furnaces
NOV #P63763
(PDF)
 5/25/17   5/25/17 CARLTON FORGE WORKS   Discharging such quantities of air contaminants which caused nuisance to a considerable number of persons or to the public.
NOV #P63764
(PDF) 
 5/31/17 5/31/17  CARLTON FORGE WORKS   Discharging such quantities of air contaminants which caused nuisance to a considerable number of persons or to the public.
 NOV #P65209
(PDF)
6/8/17  6/8/17  CARLTON FORGE WORKS   Discharging such quantities of air contaminants which caused nuisance to a considerable number of persons or to the public.

 
Air Quality Testing
SCAQMD collected samples inside the Anaplex and Aerocraft facilities to identify the specific equipment or processes within the facility that could be the sources of hexavalent chromium emissions that could explain the elevated levels seen at the ambient monitors.  Once the sources of emissions have been identified, SCAQMD can guide the facility to then reduce the emissions from those possible sources.  Several possible sources were identified from the two facilities that showed elevated levels of hexavalent chromium.  Further details on the sampling are included in SCAQMD Source Tests 16-333 and 16-334 respectively in the following links. 
Screening Source Test Report for Aerocraft - December 9, 2016 (PDF, 6Mb)
Screening Source Test Report for Anaplex - December 9, 2016 (PDF, 11Mb)

Agency Coordination

Los Angeles County Department of Public Health
Public Health Directive to Anaplex Corporation, December 1, 2016
Public Health Directive to Aerocraft Heat Treating Company, Inc., December 1, 2016
 
Other Efforts
SCAQMD List of Potential Business with Metal Related Operations - August 29, 2017 (PDF)
List of Potential Business with Metal Related Operations, Received from the City of Paramount - November 28, 2016 (PDF)
List of Potential Business with Metal Related Operations, Provided by Others - July 14, 2017 (PDF)
 
Rule 1402 Implementation of AB2588 Toxics Hot Spots Program
The following letters are notifications that the SCAQMD may designate a Potentially High Risk Facility pursuant to Rule 1402 – Control of Toxic Air Contaminants from Existing Sources:
Letter from SCAQMD to Aerocraft Heat Treating Company, Inc. - December 14, 2016 (PDF)
Letter from SCAQMD to Anaplex Corporation - December 14, 2016 (PDF)
Letter from SCAQMD to Anaplex Corporation - November 18, 2016 (PDF)
Letter from SCAQMD to Aerocraft Heat Treating Company, Inc. - November 18, 2016 (PDF)

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Other Related Activities and Information

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